Starting Dates for Vegetables

Vegetable or Crop Indoor Seeding Date Transplant into containers day
after germination
Plant or Transplant to garden Spacing
Between
Rows
Spacing
Between
Plants
Beans – Bush May 24 18 – 20″ 2″
Beets May 15 20 – 24″ 3″
Broccoli April 20 5 days May 20 24″ 18″
Cabbage April 20 5 days May 20 24″ 18″
Chinese Cabbage May 25
Cucumbers May 1 June 1
Carrots May 15
Corn May 20
Lettuce May 1 7 days May 15 18″ 12″
Muskmelon May 1
Onions Feb 25 no days May 15 18″ 4″
Peppers March 25 10 days June 1 20″ 16 – 18″
Egg Plant March 25 10 days June 1 20″ 16 – 18″
Tomatoes – staked April 8 June 1 24″ 18″
Tomatoes – bush type space 24″ 26″
Parsley
Peas May 1
Parsnip
Potatoes May 15 36″ 18″
Pumpkin May 24
Radish May 1 16″ 1 – 2″

A good germination temperature for all seeds is between 65 to 70°. After transplanting, plants should be grown at 60 to 65° indoors then gradually introduce them to outdoor temperatures before planting into the garden. Cucumbers and melon can be sprouted using the jar method. Transplant into 3 inch peat pots. Do not use pots or cans as they cannot stand to have their roots disturbed.

Tomatoes and Peppers can be started at an earlier date but should be put out into the garden after 55 days if indoor or cold frame growing. You must be prepared to protect against frost if they are planted out before June 1st.

Seed onions outdoors as soon as the soil can be worked.