Population Change in Rural Areas

Key points:

• Overall, rural population is growing less than urban population (so the share of national population that is classified as rural is declining)

• Most of the rural population decline (absolute and relative) occurs in rural remote areas

• Rural metro-adjacent areas are growing (in some case as fast as urban areas)

• Economic restructuring and agglomeration economies are driving these demographic changes

• Many rural communities are likely to experience further population loss in the future